Religion Mormonen Wer gründete die Mormonen?
sehen sich selbst als die einzig wahre christliche Kirche. Dabei hat ihr Glaube kaum mehr etwas mit dem christlichen Glauben und der christlichen Kirche gemein, auch wenn Sie die Bibel verwenden - sie deuten die Heilige Schrift vollkommen anders. Dem Mormonentum werden alle christlichen Glaubensgemeinschaften zugerechnet, die sich neben der Bibel auf das Buch Mormon berufen. Nach mormonischer Überlieferung hat der Prophet Joseph Smith, jr. das Buch Mormon von goldenen Platten, die er. In weiterer Folge brachte er das Buch Mormon hervor und gründete am 6. April mit sechs weiteren Personen die Church of Christ. Die junge Religion. Religion in den USANie wieder „Mormone“. Mormonen waren gestern. Die viertgrößte Glaubensgemeinschaft in den USA will die Öffentlichkeit. Mormonen in der Kritik - warum? Vor nicht einmal Jahren hatte kaum jemand von der Kirche Jesu Christi der Heiligen der letzten Tage.
Dem Mormonentum werden alle christlichen Glaubensgemeinschaften zugerechnet, die sich neben der Bibel auf das Buch Mormon berufen. Nach mormonischer Überlieferung hat der Prophet Joseph Smith, jr. das Buch Mormon von goldenen Platten, die er. In weiterer Folge brachte er das Buch Mormon hervor und gründete am 6. April mit sechs weiteren Personen die Church of Christ. Die junge Religion. Religion in den USANie wieder „Mormone“. Mormonen waren gestern. Die viertgrößte Glaubensgemeinschaft in den USA will die Öffentlichkeit.
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Mormons believe in the crucifixion, resurrection and divinity of Jesus Christ. They say that the original church has been restored in modern times.
There are three levels of heaven—celestial, terrestrial and telestial—in Mormonism. Instead, they believe the Father, Son and Holy Ghost are three separate gods.
Family life, good deeds, respect for authority and missionary work are important values in Mormonism. Mormons practice clothing rituals that include wearing special undergarments that have religious significance.
Not all Mormon churches accept the label "Mormon," because the term has at times been used in a derogatory manner, and it does not allow for the variety of beliefs that exist among churches that follow the Book of Mormon and the teachings of Joseph Smith.
Joseph Smith Joseph Smith Jr. Brigham Young After Smith died, the church divided. Mountain Meadows Massacre Despite moving to a relatively isolated region in Utah, tensions between Mormons and other Americans continued.
Mormon Polygamy Although the LDS church banned the practice of polygamy in , Mormons have historically wed many wives. Mormonism Today In recent years, Mormonism has crept its way into popular American culture.
A Mormon State. Religions on the End of the World. Inside The Vatican Archives. Why the Mormons Settled in Utah In , reeling from the murder of their founder and prophet, Joseph Smith, and facing continued mob violence in their settlement in Illinois, thousands of Latter Day Saints better known as Mormons threw their support behind a new leader, Brigham Young.
Brigham Young A towering figure in Mormonism, Brigham Young , began his professional career as a carpenter and painter.
The city became the church's new headquarters and gathering place, and it grew rapidly, fueled in part by converts immigrating from Europe.
In , local prejudices and political tensions, fueled by Mormon peculiarity and internal dissent, escalated into conflicts between Mormons and "anti-Mormons".
For two years after Smith's death, conflicts escalated between Mormons and other Illinois residents.
To prevent war, Brigham Young led the Mormon pioneers constituting most of the Latter Day Saints to a temporary winter quarters in Nebraska and then, eventually beginning in , to what became the Utah Territory.
From to , the Mormons greatly expanded their missionary efforts, establishing several missions in Europe, Latin America, and the South Pacific.
During the s, newcomers began using the new railroad that was under construction. In , church leaders publicized the previously secret practice of plural marriage , a form of polygamy.
By , tensions had again escalated between Mormons and other Americans, largely as a result of accusations involving polygamy and the theocratic rule of the Utah Territory by Brigham Young.
President James Buchanan sent an army to Utah, which Mormons interpreted as open aggression against them.
Fearing a repeat of Missouri and Illinois, the Mormons prepared to defend themselves, determined to torch their own homes in the case that they were invaded.
Supreme Court ruled in Reynolds v. United States that religious duty was not a suitable defense for practicing polygamy, and many Mormon polygamists went into hiding; later, Congress began seizing church assets.
After the Manifesto, some Mormons continued to enter into polygamous marriages, but these eventually stopped in when church president Joseph F.
Smith disavowed polygamy before Congress and issued a " Second Manifesto " calling for all plural marriages in the church to cease.
Eventually, the church adopted a policy of excommunicating members found practicing polygamy, and today seeks actively to distance itself from " fundamentalist " groups that continue the practice.
During the early 20th century, Mormons began to reintegrate into the American mainstream. In , the Mormon Tabernacle Choir began broadcasting a weekly performance on national radio, becoming an asset for public relations.
During the later half of the 20th century, there was a retrenchment movement in Mormonism in which Mormons became more conservative, attempting to regain their status as a "peculiar people".
As a result, Mormons today are probably less integrated with mainstream society than they were in the early s. Although black people have been members of Mormon congregations since Joseph Smith's time, before , black membership was small.
From to , the LDS Church enforced a policy that restricted men of black African descent from being ordained to the church's lay priesthood.
The church doubled in size every 15 to 20 years,  and by , there were more Mormons outside the United States than inside.
Mormons are white and non-Hispanic 84 percent. The global distribution of Mormons resembles a contact diffusion model, radiating out from the organization's headquarters in Utah.
However, international Mormons often bring pieces of their own heritage into the church, adapting church practices to local cultures.
Chile , Uruguay , and several areas in the South Pacific have a higher percentage of Mormons than the United States which is at about 2 percent.
Isolation in Utah had allowed Mormons to create a culture of their own. Mormon converts are urged to undergo lifestyle changes, repent of sins, and adopt sometimes atypical standards of conduct.
The most important part of the church services is considered to be the Lord's Supper commonly called sacrament , in which church members renew covenants made at baptism.
In , around 13—14 percent of Mormons lived in Utah, the center of cultural influence for Mormonism. Nonetheless, whether they live in Utah or elsewhere in the U.
Mormons have a strong sense of communality that stems from their doctrine and history. The church is divided by locality into congregations called " wards ", with several wards or branches to create a " stake ".
Many LDS young men, women and elderly couples choose to serve a proselytizing mission , during which they dedicate all of their time to the church, without pay.
Mormons adhere to the Word of Wisdom , a health law or code that is interpreted as prohibiting the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, coffee and tea,  while encouraging the use of herbs, grains, fruits, and a moderate consumption of meat.
The concept of a united family that lives and progresses forever is at the core of Latter-day Saint doctrine, and Mormons place a high importance on family life.
Latter-day Saint fathers who hold the priesthood typically name and bless their children shortly after birth to formally give the child a name.
Mormon parents hope and pray that their children will gain testimonies of the "gospel" [ vague ] so they can grow up and marry in temples.
Mormons have a strict law of chastity , requiring abstention from sexual relations outside opposite-sex marriage and strict fidelity within marriage.
All sexual activity heterosexual and homosexual outside marriage is considered a serious sin, with marriage recognized as only between a man and a woman.
Church members are encouraged to marry and have children, and Latter-day Saint families tend to be larger than average. Mormons are opposed to abortion, except in some exceptional circumstances, such as when pregnancy is the result of incest or rape, or when the life or health of the mother is in serious jeopardy.
Latter-day Saints are counseled not to partake of any form of media that is obscene or pornographic in any way, including media that depicts graphic representations of sex or violence.
Tattoos and body piercings are also discouraged, with the exception of a single pair of earrings for LDS women.
LGBT Mormons , or Mormons who self-identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, remain in good standing in the church if they abstain from homosexual relations and obey the law of chastity.
However, several smaller groups substantially differ from "mainstream" Mormonism in various ways. LDS Church members who do not actively participate in worship services or church callings are often called " less-active " or "inactive" akin to the qualifying expressions non-observant or non-practicing used in relation to members of other religious groups.
In , the church reported a majority of less active members returned to church activity later in life.
Members of sects that broke with the LDS Church over the issue of polygamy have become known as fundamentalist Mormons ; these groups differ from mainstream Mormonism primarily in their belief in and practice of plural marriage.
There are thought to be between 20, and 60, members of fundamentalist sects, 0. In addition to plural marriage, some of these groups also practice a form of Christian communalism known as the law of consecration or the United Order.
The LDS Church seeks to distance itself from all such polygamous groups, excommunicating their members if discovered practicing or teaching it,  and today a majority of Mormon fundamentalists have never been members of the LDS Church.
For liberal Mormons, revelation is a process through which God gradually brings fallible human beings to greater understanding.
Cultural Mormons are individuals who may not believe in certain doctrines or practices of the institutional LDS Church yet identify as members of the Mormon ethnic identity.
In some cases they may not be members of the LDS Church. Mormons, however, have a relatively open definition of scripture. As a general rule, anything spoken or written by a prophet , while under inspiration, is considered to be the word of God.
The Book of Mormon is also believed to have been written by ancient prophets, and is viewed as a companion to the Bible.
By this definition, the teachings of Smith's successors are also accepted as scripture, though they are always measured against, and draw heavily from the scriptural canon.
Mormons believe in "a friendly universe", governed by a God whose aim it is to bring his children to immortality and eternal life.
For instance, Mormons believe in a pre-mortal existence where people were literal spirit children of God,  and that God presented a plan of salvation that would allow his children to progress and become more like him.
The plan involved the spirits receiving bodies on earth and going through trials in order to learn, progress, and receive a "fulness of joy".
According to Mormons, every person who lives on earth will be resurrected, and nearly all of them will be received into various kingdoms of glory.
According to Mormons, a deviation from the original principles of Christianity, known as the Great Apostasy , began not long after the ascension of Jesus Christ.
In particular, Mormons believe that angels such as Peter , James , John , John the Baptist , Moses , and Elijah appeared to Smith and others and bestowed various priesthood authorities on them.
Mormons believe that their church is the "only true and living church" because of the divine authority restored through Smith.
Mormons self-identify as being Christian,  while many Christians, particularly evangelical Protestants, disagree with this view.
The LDS Church has a top-down hierarchical structure with a president—prophet dictating revelations for the whole church. Lay Mormons are also believed to have access to inspiration, and are encouraged to seek their own personal revelations.
They place considerable emphasis on "asking God" to find out if something is true. Most Mormons do not claim to have had heavenly visions like Smith's in response to prayers, but feel that God talks to them in their hearts and minds through the Holy Ghost.
Though Mormons have some beliefs that are considered strange in a modernized world, they continue to hold onto their beliefs because they feel God has spoken to them.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 29 June Religious group part of the Latter Day Saint movement.
For the religion, see Mormonism. For other uses, see Mormon disambiguation. See also: History of the Latter Day Saint movement.
Further information: Mormonism as a world religion. Main articles: Mormonism and Mormon cosmology. Christianity portal Latter Day Saint movement portal.
Michael Quinn Summer Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought. Retrieved April 30, Retrieved April 26, Pew Research Center.
May 22, Retrieved September 13, Painesville Telegraph. January 18, Retrieved August 31, The Reflector. February 1, Baltimore Maryland" Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser.
March 10, Mormon Scholar. The Pioneer. For many years, members of the church were known as "Mormons" by those who were not members.
The name "Mormons" is simply no longer a name for them. Its teachings are similar to many Christian churches, and they consider themselves to be Christian, although some non-members do not consider them to be Christian.
This means that members of the Church believe that it is the original Christian Church started by Jesus Christ and brought back "restored" by Joseph Smith, Jr.
Mormonism and Bahaism are sometimes called the "fourth Abrahamic religion ". Today there are about 70 groups who call themselves "Mormon" with the largest and best-known of them being The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
They believe in baptism by the person being completely underwater baptism by immersion , such as explained in the Articles of Faith that was written in a letter by Joseph Smith through revelation from Heavenly Father.
Joseph Smith, Jr. The first visit is called the First Vision. It happened when Joseph was 14 years old. He had decided to pray about which religion to join.
He said that he went to the woods far from his family's house in New York , prayed, felt evil powers fighting him, and was rescued when a bright light appeared above him.
In the bright light, he said that he saw God the Father and Jesus Christ. They told him not to join any church, because none of the churches had all of the truth.
They also told him that they had work for him to do. Part of the work that Joseph did was translating the Book of Mormon. Joseph said that an angel named Moroni visited him and showed him where a very old book was buried.
This book was written on plates of gold sometimes called the Gold Plates. It was buried in a stone box in a hill near Joseph's home in New York.
Moroni visited Joseph once a year for four years until he told Joseph to take the Gold Plates. Since the book was written in a very old language, Joseph translated the book into English.
He did this with help from God and by the tools called the "Urim" and "Thummim". The book was published as The Book of Mormon in It tells the story of two main groups of people who lived in North and South America hundreds of years ago the Nephites and Lamanites , as well as a story of a group of people who came to the Americas thousands of years ago upon leaving the Tower of Babel the Jaredites.
It also teaches many things about Jesus. Mormons believe that by reading The Book of Mormon and the Bible, people can learn how to get closer to God and how to find happiness in life.
This book is also the reason Church members are sometimes called "Mormons". They believe that God guides the prophet, just like God guided Joseph Smith and the prophets in the Bible.
Members of the church believe that it is important for families to spend a lot of time together, and that after they die, they can live together forever.
Active members do not drink alcohol , coffee , or tea , or smoke tobacco.